What do anxiety disorders and schizophrenia have in common and how do they differ. I was happy to learn… Anxiety and schizophrenia are two distinct physiological and psychological states of the mind. Anxiety deals with the unpleasant feeling which is often associated with apprehension, uneasiness, worry, or fear. Schizophrenia is much worse because it is already a mental disorder characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact. Light anxiety is experienced by each of us from time to time, while the psychotic disorder schizophrenia is suffered by only a small percent of the world’s population. Anxiety has physical effects such as headaches, stomachaches, shortness of breath, chest pain, nausea, fatigue, muscle weakness and tension, or heart palpitations. Emotional effects are also seen within an anxious person, that to include feelings of dread or apprehension, trouble concentrating, feeling jumpy or tense, expecting the worst, restlessness, irritability, watching for of danger, and feelings of having your mind gone blank. Anxiety also causes nightmares, déjà vu and fears. Schizophrenics though are characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior. They are paranoid and are disorganized in speech and thinking associated with significant occupational or social dysfunction. Both anxiety and schizophrenia may have some relation with what happened in the past or the early environment of the person, which could be a traumatic experience or an intake of inappropriate drug. It could also be because of the risks involved in pregnancy. But only schizophrenia can have the genetic cause, not anxiety. People who experience anxiety especially those who suffer from a disorder already usually ask if it possible that it will eventually turn into schizophrenia. The answer would be no, because the major cause of schizophrenia is the genetic condition of a person. The likelihood of having this psychotic disorder depends on the family history of the person. Anxiety is the not the cause of schizophrenia, rather, it is more of a behavioral response than a disease. Schizophrenia is biologically caused by overproduction of the neurotransmitter serotonin which causes brain damage to the behavioral and social stimuli of a person. Anxious people still belongs in our world despite their struggle of constant fear, unlike schizophrenics who seem to have their own world where they talk to imaginary people. They both live in fear, but the schizophrenics are always paranoid that somebody’s reading or manipulating their minds and plotting harm against them. Anxiety does not cause disorganized speech and behavior. Schizophrenics are incomprehensible and even frightening because they intend to hurt the people around them without knowing it. They suffer from psychosis which is schizophrenia’s common condition where mental impairment is marked by delusions, sensory perception disturbances, and hallucinations which result from their inability to separate the real from the unreal experiences. Because of this, schizophrenia causes social anxiety or phobia. Treatments on both anxiety and schizophrenia are available, but in the case of the latter, only one out of five individuals recover completely from their mental illness. Both could be treated with medications such as anxiety-reducing drugs and antipsychotic drugs. Anxiety can have an easy recovery compared with schizophrenia. The latter usually takes years to fully heal. They are required to be inside a mental institution so as to be observed and evaluated for their progress in behavior. Intake of mental medications on both anxiety and schizophrenia is not an assurance of being healed; sometimes it only makes the condition of the patient much worse. It is advisable that if you got friends who suddenly became different with his interactions to other people and he seems to be acting weirder than usual, do not hesitate to seek professional help so that the illness won’t get worse. Summary: 1. Anxiety is a kind of emotion, while schizophrenia is a mental disorder. 2. Schizophrenia has worse effects on a person than anxiety. 3. Anxiety and schizophrenia can both be caused by past traumatic events and intake of inappropriate drugs, but the latter’s major cause is genetic problem. 4. Anxiety does not lead to schizophrenia, but schizophrenics are always anxious. 5. Schizophrenics do not recognize the difference of the real and the unreal world, while people who suffer from anxiety are far from it. 6. Medications and therapies are available.